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Reference Material

Missouri DMC Brochure
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Office of State Courts Administrator Certification Study

Missouri DMC 101 Powerpoint
– View Powerpoint

Missouri DMC Process Model
– View Document

DMC Best Practices from Other States
– View Document

Burns Institute
DMC stands for “disproportionate minority confinement” in secure detention facilities and “disproportionate minority contact” within the juvenile justice system.

Fact Sheet from the Burns Institute

An op-ed in The Huffington Post by James Bell (W. Haywood Burns Institute) called for reauthorization of the JJDPA and asked society to “pierce the veil of supposedly ‘tough on crime’ legislation,” and “The Keeper and the Kept…” is the second in a series from the W. Haywood Burns Institute that endeavors to address all aspects of reducing disparities in the juvenile justice system. The report examines the “ecology” of local juvenile justice systems and provides strategies for disparities reform. The authors offer 13 key elements of an intentional approach to reducing disparities including conducting a jurisdictional assessment, establishing constituent meetings, collecting the appropriate data, and creating alternatives to detention.…

Children’s Center for Law and Policy
DMC 101 Powerpoint (Open/Download – Requires MS Powerpoint)
Launched in 2007 as a project of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the DMC Action Network brings together state and local leaders from 21 select jurisdictions to expose them to the latest tools and ideas to effectively and sustainably reduce the disproportionate contact of racial and ethnic minority youth with the juvenile justice system. The Network, which is managed by the Center for Children’s Law and Policy, also provides jurisdictions with the opportunity to exchange information about strategy implementation and employ data to measure results.

DMC e-News reports on efforts to reduce Disproportionate Minority Contact, or DMC, in juvenile justice systems in the DMC Action Network.

Annie E. Casey Foundation
If Parents Don’t Speak English Well, Will Their Kids Get Locked Up? Language Barriers and Disproportionate Minority Contact in the Juvenile Justice System…

Coalition for Juvenile Justice
Learn more about the issues affecting community safety and delinquency prevention. Find out where CJJ stands on important topics such as African American Youth and the Juvenile Court System; Native American Youth and the Juvenile Court System; and Alternatives to Detention in the Juvenile Justice System.

National Juvenile Justice Network
Numerous articles and resources on DMC can be found through the National Juvenile Justice Network.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
OJJDP – DMC Technical Manual, 4th Edition, 2009

Circuits should use this manual along with the Best Practices Database that OJJDP also provides at